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-===== The Green New Deal: A Dossier ​=====+===== The Green New Deal =====
  
-//Prepared ​and maintained by NYC DSA Ecosocialist Working Group.\\  +//A dossier prepared ​and maintained by the\\ [[mailto:​climate@socialists.nyc|NYC DSA Ecosocialist Working Group]]//
-Excerpts only: follow links for complete items. Updated 7/10/19//+
  
-**[[https://theintercept.com/2019/​04/​17/​green-new-deal-short-film-alexandria-ocasio-cortez/​|AOC'​s ​Message From the Future]]**+In most cases, items below include excerpts only - follow links for full text.\\ For older items, go to [[gnd-older|Archive]]. Updated 10/31/19. 
 + 
 +[[https://www.youtube.com/watch?​v=d9uTH0iprVQ|Video: A Message From the Future ​With Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez]]
  
-**[[https://​www.facebook.com/​NowThisPolitics/​videos/​1146252482222489/​|Video Introdution]]** ​ |  [[gnd-older|Older Items]] 
  
 ==== New and Recent ==== ==== New and Recent ====
  
-  * [[https://kpfa.org/episode/against-the-grain-june-12-2019/|Keynes, Crisis ​and the GND]] - Podcast (Geoff Mann) +  * Nicholas Beuret, [[gndossier#​a_green_new_deal_between_whom_and_for_what|A GND: Between Whom and For What?]] 
-  * [[gndossier#​the_green_new_dealwhither_capitalism|The GNDWhither Capitalism? ​(Isikara/Chen)]] +  * Gareth Dale, [[https://theecologist.org/2019/oct/​28/​degrowth-and-green-new-deal|Degrowth ​and the Green New Deal]] 
-  * [[gndossier#​three_ways_a_green_new_deal_can_promote_life_over_capital|3 Ways GND can Promote Life Over Capital (Bhattacharya)]] +  * [[https://​vimeo.com/​359778899|VideoDesigning a Green New Deal]] ​(U. Penn, 9/13/19
-  * [[gndossier#​plan_mood_battlefieldreflections_on_the_gnd|PlanMoodBattlefield:​ Reflections on the GND (Thea Riofrancos)]] +  * Naomi Klein, //[[https://​www.simonandschuster.com/​books/​On-Fire/​Naomi-Klein/​9781982129910|On Fire: The Burning Case for Green New Deal]]// 
-  * [[https://thenextsystem.org/learn/stories/jay-inslees-proposal-shut-down-fossil-fuel-industry|Inslee’s Proposal ​to Shut Down Fossil Fuels]] (Next System Project) +  * AronoffBattistoniCohen, & Riofrancos,\\ //[[https://www.versobooks.com/books/3107-a-planet-to-win|A Planet ​to Win: Why We Need a Green New Deal]]// 
-  * [[gndossier#​a_green_new_deal_for_agriculture|Green New Deal for Agriculture (Raj Patel/Jim Goodman)]] +  * Bernie Sanders, ​[[gndossier#​bernie_sandersthe_green_new_deal|The Green New Deal]] 
-  * [[gndossier#​the_red_nationfour_principles_of_the_red_deal|Four Principles of the Red Deal]] +  * [[https://​report.gndforeurope.com/​|Green New Deal for Europe]] 
-  * [[https://​socialistforum.dsausa.org/​issues/​winter-2019/​a-class-struggle-strategy-for-a-green-new-deal/​|Socialist Forum: ​Class Struggle Strategy for a Green New Deal]]+  * Mann, [[https://​kpfa.org/​episode/​against-the-grain-june-12-2019/​|Keynes,​ Crisis and the GND]] (Podcast) 
 +  * Riofrancos, ​[[gndossier#​plan_mood_battlefieldreflections_on_the_gnd|Plan, Mood, Battlefield:​ Reflections on the GND]] 
 +  * //Socialist Forum//, ​[[https://​socialistforum.dsausa.org/​issues/​winter-2019/​a-class-struggle-strategy-for-a-green-new-deal/​|Class Struggle Strategy for a Green New Deal]]
 ===== Proposals ===== ===== Proposals =====
  
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 **[[https://​ocasio-cortez.house.gov/​sites/​ocasio-cortez.house.gov/​files/​Resolution%20on%20a%20Green%20New%20Deal.pdf|Full text]]** of the Green New Deal Resolution introduced on February 7 by Rep. Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez (D-NY) and Sen. Edward Markey (D-MA). **[[https://​ocasio-cortez.house.gov/​sites/​ocasio-cortez.house.gov/​files/​Resolution%20on%20a%20Green%20New%20Deal.pdf|Full text]]** of the Green New Deal Resolution introduced on February 7 by Rep. Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez (D-NY) and Sen. Edward Markey (D-MA).
  
 +==== Bernie Sanders: The Green New Deal ====
 +
 +[[https://​berniesanders.com/​issues/​the-green-new-deal/​|Full Text]] of Bernie'​s GND Program, issued August 22, 2019
 +
 +See also:
 +
 +  * Battistoni and Riofrancos,​\\ [[https://​www.jacobinmag.com/​2019/​08/​bernie-sanders-climate-green-new-deal|”Bernie’s GND Is For the Many, Not the Few”]]
 +  * Kate Aronoff,\\ [[https://​theintercept.com/​2019/​08/​22/​bernie-sanders-climate-policy/​|”Bernie’s GND More Radical, More Likely to Succeed”]]
 +  * Johanna Bozuwa,\\ [[http://​inthesetimes.com/​article/​22025/​bernie-sanders-calls-to-seize-the-means-of-electricity-production-climate|
 +“Bernie Sanders Calls To Seize the Means of Electricity Production”]]
 +  * Max Ajl,\\ [[gndossier#​report_card_on_bernie_sanders_s_green_new_deal|"​Report Card on Bernie Sanders'​s Green New Deal"​]]
 +
 +==== The Red Deal: Indigenous Action to Save Our Earth ====
 +
 +//The Red Nation// 6/19/19\\
 +https://​therednation.org/​2019/​06/​09/​call-to-action-the-red-deal-indigenous-action-to-save-our-earth-june-19-20/​
 +
 +We are drafting a skeleton outline of a comprehensive Red Deal platform that we will discuss and debate in the course of several community-wide meetings. This will not be a regional- or nation-specific document, but a document that will encompass the entirety of Indigenous America, which includes our non-Indigenous comrades and relatives who live here. This is a document so that our planet may live....
 +
 +It’s not the “Red New Deal” because it’s the same “Old Deal” — the fulfillment of treaty rights, land restoration,​ sovereignty,​ self-determination,​ decolonization,​ and liberation. Ours is the oldest class struggle in the Americas; centuries-long resistance for a world in which many worlds fit. Indigenous peoples are best suited to lead this important movement. But it must come from the ground-up.
 +
 +The Red Deal is not a counter program of the GND. It’s a call for action beyond the scope of the US colonial state. It’s a program for Indigenous liberation, life, and land—an affirmation that colonialism and capitalism must be overturned for this planet to be habitable for human and other-than-human relatives to live dignified lives.
 +
 +The Red Deal is not a “deal” or “bargain” with the elite and powerful. It’s a deal with the humble people of the earth; a pact that we shall strive for peace and justice and that movements for justice must come from below and to the left. We do not speak truth to the powerful. Our shared truth makes us powerful. And this people’s truth includes those excluded from the realms of power and policy-making....
 +
 +See also Nick Estes, [[https://​jacobinmag.com/​2019/​08/​red-deal-green-new-deal-ecosocialism-decolonization-indigenous-resistance-environment|"​A Red Deal"​]]
 +
 +==== Green New Deal for Europe ====
 +
 +https://​report.gndforeurope.com/​
  
 ==== Sunrise Movement: What is the Green New Deal? ==== ==== Sunrise Movement: What is the Green New Deal? ====
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 Typical green development funding models rely on a mix of public and private investment, with a heavy emphasis on the latter. Our proposal, in contrast, does not think it safe to rely on private businesses and benevolent philanthropists to get us through this emergency, which is why we have proceeded on the assumption that the public sector should cover the entire cost. Typical green development funding models rely on a mix of public and private investment, with a heavy emphasis on the latter. Our proposal, in contrast, does not think it safe to rely on private businesses and benevolent philanthropists to get us through this emergency, which is why we have proceeded on the assumption that the public sector should cover the entire cost.
  
-==== The Red Nation: Four Principles of the Red Deal ==== 
  
-https://​therednation.org/​2019/​06/​25/​four-principles-of-the-red-deal/​\\ 
-What Creates Crisis Cannot Solve It\\ 
-Change From Below And to The Left\\ 
-Politicians Can’t Do What Only Mass Movements Do\\ 
-From Theory to Action 
 ==== New Consensus: The Green New Deal ==== ==== New Consensus: The Green New Deal ====
  
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 These are real obstacles, real constraints,​ and real concerns. I argue, however, that a politics of pure negation—a politics that, in light of both the power of our enemies, and the limitations of the Green New Deal as currently conceived, positions itself primarily in opposition to the Green New Deal—is neither empirically sound nor politically strategic…. These are real obstacles, real constraints,​ and real concerns. I argue, however, that a politics of pure negation—a politics that, in light of both the power of our enemies, and the limitations of the Green New Deal as currently conceived, positions itself primarily in opposition to the Green New Deal—is neither empirically sound nor politically strategic….
 +
 +==== Time Has Come to Nationalize the US Fossil Fuel Industry ====
 +
 +By Carla Santos Skandier //ROAR Magazine// 8/15/19\\
 +https://​roarmag.org/​essays/​time-has-come-to-nationalize-the-us-fossil-fuel-industry/​
 +
 +It is well documented that in both World Wars the US government did not shy away from seizing the control of industries deemed crucial to the war efforts. This included the nationalization of the railroad system, telegraph, telephone and radio networks and manufacturers in World War I, in addition to coal mines, oil companies and refineries, and even a department store in World War II.
 +
 +But nationalization initiatives did not stop there. In fact, the US nationalized what it considered “enemy” companies — US subsidiaries of German and Japanese companies, such as Merck & Co. If we were to translate those actions to today’s fight to keep any global temperature increase within the 1.5 Celsius limit, that means gaining control over companies that continuously work against climate safety in the country. In other words, fossil fuel companies are the enemy, and we need to treat them as such....
 +
 +Time has come for people and the planet to stop paying the costs of the failed fossil fuel and financial systems. By nationalizing the fossil fuel industry — the core industry that keep fueling the extractive mentality and further promoting social and environmental inequalities — through the sovereign monetary power of the Fed, we will be able to unleash the potential for an economy where sustainability,​ equity and democracy are at its center.
 +==== The politics and potential of the Green New Deal ====
 +
 +By Johanna Bozuwa //IPPR Progressive Review// 7/10/19
 +
 +A Green New Deal could return foundational parts of the US economy back to community and public control. Energy and fossil fuel infrastructure is an instructive example. Today’s utilities are largely privately‐owned fossil fuel‐based companies that viciously guard their conventional investments,​ exploit rates for shareholder profit, and contribute millions to campaigns to stop climate action. During the original New Deal, a huge number of cooperatively and publicly‐owned utilities were created through the Rural Electrification Administration to address a market failure. Through the Green New Deal, a similar agency for current‐day purposes could be developed, allowing municipalities,​ communities,​ or even entire states to take back their energy grid.26
 +
 +Second, the Green New Deal could help design a just transition for workers. It could make investments to create good jobs and provide a clear transition plan to a carbon‐free,​ thriving economy where people have meaningful work. In an era in which unions are constantly targeted and stripped of power, the labor movement has understandably been vigilant in protecting its current territory, making it wary of the ongoing energy transition.27 Although renewable sector jobs are growing exponentially – solar jobs have grown 168 per cent in the past seven years – they have largely not been unionised, and feature much lower pay than current fossil fuel jobs.28 Given the anticipated opposition of the business community, the support of organised labor will be critical to building support for a Green New Deal, both in the Democratic Party and more generally....
 +
 +As momentum for transformative climate action spreads across the globe, this energy for a Green New Deal has not been constrained to the borders of the United States. Nor should it be, since climate chaos doesn’t respect borders and must be collectively acted upon. In the UK, the Green Party’s single member of parliament, Caroline Lucas, has co‐sponsored a bill on the Green New Deal, while Labour Party members recently announced a campaign for a Green New Deal to decarbonise the economy, create green jobs, and invest in public infrastructure. As UK group Labour for the New Deal puts it: “Climate change is fundamentally about class, because it means chaos for the many while the few profit”.
 +
  
 ==== Keynes, Crisis and the Green New Deal ==== ==== Keynes, Crisis and the Green New Deal ====
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 We live in an age of anxiety and crisis. ​ And there is a long tradition of thought that liberal elites have drawn on during such moments to rescue civilization as they know it from collapse: what we would call Keynesianism today, but which Geoff Mann argues dates back to the French Revolution, centuries before the birth of the economist John Maynard Keynes. ​ Mann discusses the complicated entanglement of the Keynesian interventionist state and the left, as well as why we’re seeing the revival of Keynesianism in the Green New Deal. We live in an age of anxiety and crisis. ​ And there is a long tradition of thought that liberal elites have drawn on during such moments to rescue civilization as they know it from collapse: what we would call Keynesianism today, but which Geoff Mann argues dates back to the French Revolution, centuries before the birth of the economist John Maynard Keynes. ​ Mann discusses the complicated entanglement of the Keynesian interventionist state and the left, as well as why we’re seeing the revival of Keynesianism in the Green New Deal.
  
 +==== For a Global Green New Deal ====
 +
 +By Daniel Aldana Cohen, Kate Aronoff, Alyssa Battistoni, and Thea Riofrancos //Common Wealth// 7/22/19\\
 +https://​common-wealth.co.uk/​for-a-global-gnd.html
 +
 +In the United States calls for a Green New Deal have reanimated progressives and put climate action at the front of political debate. With an agenda that includes millions of well-paid jobs, infrastructure projects and the expansion of universal public services in the pursuit of a rapid and just transition away from fossil fuels, the Green New Deal presents an opportunity for vibrant international coordination on the left.
 +
 +This report explores the grounds for such coordination as well as the political frameworks that can help to guide large-scale action. Coming from a group of US-based policy thinkers, “For a Global Green New Deal” draws from a range of successful climate initiatives across the globe, and calls for a renewed focus on decolonial, justice-based political action. [[https://​common-wealth.co.uk/​css/​pdfs/​Common-Wealth-Internationalism.pdf|View PDF]]
 +
 +==== History Proves We Can’t Count on the Democratic Party for a GND ====
 +
 +Interview with Paul Le Blanc //​Truthout//​ 6/23/19\\
 +[[https://​truthout.org/​articles/​history-proves-we-cant-count-on-democratic-party-for-a-green-new-deal/​]]
 +
 +Historical lessons from the 1966 Freedom Budget by historian and labor activist Paul Le Blanc, co-author (along with Michael Yates) of //A Freedom Budget for All Americans: Recapturing the Promise of the Civil Rights Movement in the Struggle for Economic Justice Today//​. ​
 ==== The Green New Deal: Whither Capitalism? ==== ==== The Green New Deal: Whither Capitalism? ====
  
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 ===== Critiques ===== ===== Critiques =====
  
 +==== A Green New Deal Between Whom and For What? ====
 +
 +By Nicholas Beuret //Viewpoint Magazine// 10/24/19\\
 +https://​www.viewpointmag.com/​2019/​10/​24/​green-new-deal-for-what/​
 +
 +An important critique, although UK-centered. It brings out the pitfalls of organizing around specific versions of a GND that fail to come to grips with the range of problems and conundrums it details. Key paragraphs -
 +
 +“The hedging around the question of consumption,​ and the emphasis on the job creation aspect of the ‘jobs and climate measures’ part of the motion, tells us all we need to know about what the [Labour Party’s] Deal is. The Deal is to maintain – as much as possible – the current economic system we have, and the current lifestyles, while taking some action on climate change to minimize it as much as possible without compromising living standards. The Deal is that people outside of the Global North, who live in countries who do not have the geopolitical or economic power to compete for what are scarce resources, will be left out of the transition to a low-carbon economy and will, in effect, be sacrificed for the new mines, biofuel plantations,​ etc. that will enable the transition to renewable power for the new green economic system.”
 +
 +“insofar as the Green New Deal isn’t ‘the’ solution, it’s also not a stepping stone to one. Expanding and intensifying extractivism,​ deepening the exploitation of the Global South and implementing new forms of ‘green’ imperialism,​ further trashing the biosphere and continuing to emit carbon pollution – none of these can be understood as steps to a better future. Beyond the brutal political realism that would justify the further sacrifice of life and lives for a greened form of sustainable consumerism,​ the future promised by the Green New Deal isn’t one where climate change is arrested before becoming calamitous.
 +
 +“Even though the Green New Deal isn’t the solution, this doesn’t justify ignoring or opposing it. The Green New Deal is both a policy and a tendency. As a policy, it is a raft of measures that can be engaged with or fought against, in the interest of moving it in a more positive direction. As a tendency, it needs to be engaged with in order to shape what form it takes but also in order to create something else, something that takes us beyond the limitations of efforts to reform the system we have and build something that ensures a rich and abundant life for all of us and all life in general....
 +
 +“We need a radically egalitarian,​ communist degrowth. Recent years have thrown up numerous scientific papers all essentially calling for the end of capitalism. To some extent, science calls for nothing less than full communism. But not the communism of that part of the left that is only interested in communising consumerism instead of ending it, of redistributing the profits and spoils of extractivism without changing the economic system it supports. And while desire and the values attached to consumerism as a form of life must be interrogated and politically transformed,​ ultimately the foundations of consumerism are structural, and there is no shift to a sustainable form of life without looking to build out new infrastructures and environments that enable our autonomy from the capitalist market.
 +
 +“Degrowth as a way of producing a radical abundance must become a core part of left politics. We can start by returning to the critique of consumer capitalism that flourished during the 1960s and 70s, and by acknowledging that consumerism mostly benefits the wealthy few. For the vast majority of the world’s population degrowth can and will only mean a better life. It is not enough to try to cut emissions while keeping everything else the same – the only possible way forward is to radically change everything. It’s the only realistic proposal at this point.”
 +==== Report Card on Bernie Sanders'​s Green New Deal ====
 +
 +"A Hot Take from an Ecosocialist"​ by Max Ajl //Uneven Earth// 8/27/19\\
 +http://​unevenearth.org/​2019/​08/​report-card-on-bernie-sanders-green-new-deal/​
 +
 +I would like to clarify, before tendering my take on Bernie Sanders’s Green New Deal, that I am not and have never been a Bernie Bro. But history surprises us. We do not get to decide who moves us, nor where, nor when, nor how. Much like the UK’s Jeremy Corbyn, Bernie is the unexpected child of the 2008 financial crisis. They are amongst many Euro-American candidates who express, channel, personify, and maybe limit popular unease with contemporary capitalism....
 +
 +But it takes a lot of work to distil a political force from an atmosphere thick with anti-systemic feeling. And at the moment, the Bernie GND reflects the strengths and limits of the moment and the movement: what Bernie and Bernie’s advisers think can help craft a winning message for the primary and then general-body electorate, what they think will raise Bernie’s profile amongst the Black and working-class Latino communities which he needs to turn out to win, and what postures they hope won’t set off the alarm bells of the political-evaporation machines of the entire US capitalist class. They also are considering how some messaging might be hammer and chisel on seams within US capital, cleaving manufacturing sectors from the petroleum conglomerates—messaging which may also accommodate the capitalist-forged “way of life” which is actually a way of death for much of the planet....
 +
 + I do not necessarily expect Bernie to adopt these reformulated planks. I do expect an autonomous and self-aware people’s movement to take them up on a mass scale and push them upon Bernie or whomever sits in 1600 Pennsylvania Avenue. That would also require a political strategy to build autonomous power and not reduce critical intellectual work to cheerleading for the Bernie campaign, as heartening as his policies may be. Bernie manifestly has a role, given massive popular investment in electoral politics. He can go places many of us cannot. But that does not mean surrendering autonomy of vision or the hard work of politics and strategy which goes along with it. Because when the gale force of capitalist reaction comes, it will be such a movement which can resist the storm winds, and not Bernie himself.
 +==== The Need for a Food and Agriculture Platform in the GND ====
 +
 +By Agroecology Research-Action Collective\\
 +https://​agroecologyresearchaction.org/​green-new-deal/​
 +
 +Food and agriculture remain essential to the United States’ economy and its people. How food systems are organized has tremendous implications not only for climate, but also for our access to clean air, clean water, healthy food, and livelihoods. Our current industrial agriculture and food system is not sustainable,​ nor does it respect our living planet and future generations of life on Earth.[1] We are writing this analysis and recommendations for a Green New Deal as scientists who work in various fields and disciplines related to agriculture and food and who support the need for fundamental change across our economy. We have sought input from several food and agriculture NGOs and social movements to help frame our recommendations....
 +
 +We call on Congress, state and local legislatures,​ social movements, and other advocates of the Green New Deal to put sustainable food and agriculture on an equal footing with renewable energy in plans for a just transition to a decarbonized economy. In finding ways to do so, we will gather even broader public support for this bold policy agenda. We will create even more jobs and assure that many more regions across the country can benefit – not only these regions with ample renewable energy resources or manufacturing sites.
 +
 +We caution that the Green New Deal cannot rely on technological fixes (e.g. unproven carbon capture and storage technologies or biofuels that have already caused dramatic ecological devastation worldwide) or market-based solutions to achieve its goals of decarbonizing and transforming the U.S. economy, and stopping the climate crisis. Nor can the Green New Deal hope to make just transition by narrowly adopting carbon-centric solutions like stimulating only carbon sequestration in soils and carbon trading in agriculture,​ or by facilitating the automation of agriculture. Rather, the Green New Deal will only succeed if it helps rapidly eliminate the fossil-fuel economy, and transforms industrialized agriculture into agroecological,​ regenerative agriculture,​ with special attention to rural communities and inclusion of historically marginalized,​ and socially disadvantaged groups. This demands an array of social and community initiatives that change the ways in which we currently farm and make food, fuel, fiber, and feed.
 +==== The Big Blue Gap in the Green New Deal ====
 +
 +By Ayana Elizabeth Johnson, Chad Nelsen, and Bren Smith //Grist// 7/15/19\\
 +https://​grist.org/​article/​the-big-blue-gap-in-the-green-new-deal/​
 +
 +As a marine biologist, a conservation leader, and an ocean farmer, we all believe that the ocean can go from unsung solution to policy cornerstone. To make that happen, the United States will have to do four things: 1. restore and protect coastal ecosystems; 2. invest in renewable offshore energy; 3. bolster the “blue economy;” and 4. vastly expand regenerative ocean farming.
 ==== Peter Hudis: The GND: Realistic Proposal or Fantasy? ==== ==== Peter Hudis: The GND: Realistic Proposal or Fantasy? ====
  
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